Female Infertility


Female patients who have been diagnosed with PCOD/PCOS will find that it may be very hard for them to conceive. To counter this hindrance, they must begin by regularly examining their health to prevent any health issues in the future. Patients with PCOS are likely to develop type 2 diabetes in the future, and those with PCOD are likely to be diagnosed with hypertension, hyperglycemia, endometrial cancer, and pregnancy complications.

Primary Ovary Insufficiency (POI)

This is a condition where a female patient’s ovaries are not able to produce healthy eggs that are required for fertilisation. POI drastically affects women’s ability to become pregnant. It is very rare for women to become pregnant while experiencing a decrease in ovarian reserves.


Endometriosis can affect the regular functioning of reproductive organs, leading to infertility. The risk factors that can lead to endometriosis are family history, a late first pregnancy, an abnormal uterus, menstruation lasting for a longer time, retrograde menstrual flow, and a weakened immune system. Complications from endometriosis may impair a woman's fertility and capability of becoming pregnant.

Uterine Fibroids & Polyps

The uterine fibroids and polyps can hinder the process of embryo implantation. Once the egg is fertilised by the sperm, it develops into an embryo. The embryo then sticks to the uterine wall and the endometrial lining produces the required nutrients and blood for the embryo to grow. In case a woman is diagnosed with fibroids or polyps, it can prevent the embryo from sticking to the uterine wall, which results in pregnancy loss and female infertility.

Uterine Scarring or Asherman Syndrome

Uterine Scarring is also known as Asherman’s Syndrome, and is a very rare disorder. This problem is known to affect women who have had multiple dilations and curettage procedures (D&C). Asherman's syndrome or Uterine Scarring can lead to complications that increase your chance of pregnancy-related problems such as placenta previa, stillbirths, and miscarriages.

Blocked Fallopian Tubes

This is another prime reason as to why female patients may not be capable of becoming pregnant. Studies have revealed that more than 30% infertile women have been diagnosed because they have blocked or damaged fallopian tubes. This condition is also known as tubal disease, tubal infertility and tubal occlusion.

Problems with Ovulation

Difficulties with ovulation are commonly referred to as ovulatory disease. This is the main factor that causes female infertility, with more than 25% infertile couples being affected by it. When a woman experiences ovulation issues, she may ovulate intermittently, seldom, or even never. Polycystic ovarian syndrome is the most frequent cause of ovulation dysfunction (PCOS). Ovulation is important for pregnancy because it is when the ovary releases an egg.


Treatment for those affected by cancer is non-negotiable, but they drastically affect the fertility of those who go through it. Cancer therapy would permanently cause damage to long-term health and hormone-regulating glands. This is possible even if the chemotherapy rays are not targeted at the ovaries.


If an infection or illness is left untreated, it can harm a woman's reproductive organs and reduce her ability to conceive. Some of the infections that can lead to infertility in women are Bacterial Vaginosis and Yeast Infection, Human Papillomavirus Infection, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), Pelvic Tuberculosis, and Urinary Tract Infection (UTI).

Implantation Failure

Implantation failure is what the patients are deemed to be going through when no implantation takes place despite having already undergone multiple IVF treatments and having had more than 10 healthy embryos transferred into them. There are two reasons why implantation may not take place- either the embryo is not good enough, or the endometrium is not receptive.

Failure of an Egg to mature properly

While pregnancy may seem like a straightforward experience to many, it actually is not so. The entire process involves a lot of challenges, some of which may result in primary or secondary infertility. The failure of an egg to mature properly may have to do with PCOS, obesity, a lack of particular proteins that the egg requires to mature, among many other reasons.

Autoimmune disorders

If you have not been able to conceive for the longest time, chances are that you may be affected by autoimmune disorders. These disorders wreck havoc on the female body’s capability to allow successful implantation of embryos. Autoimmune disorders have to be considered in cases such as these, where the disorders to be checked for are Anti-sperm antibodies, Thyroid, decreased ovarian reserve, Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome (APLAS), Rheumatoid arthritis, and Systemic lupus erythematosus.

Problems in menstruation

The pituitary, the master gland at the back of the brain, typically sends out aberrant or underactive signals when ovulation is abnormal. Gonadotropins are the names given to the hormones that the pituitary gland secretes, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and luteinizing hormone (LH). No period or irregular periods may be the outcome of these ovulational disorders. When a woman faces menstrual problems, it could lead to infertility issues.

Past Ectopic Pregnancies

If the female patient has already suffered an ectopic pregnancy once before, the chances of her experiencing one another time is very high. As such, it is crucial for the patient to be aware of the symptoms. When a woman suffers an ectopic pregnancy, it is likely that her ability to become pregnant is tied with the condition of her fallopian tubes

Stress and Infertility in Women

Aside from all the physical hindrances, stress and mental health of the patient plays a huge role in facilitating a successful pregnancy in women. Those who suffer from anxiety, depression and chronic stress are very likely to have fewer periods and this in consequence would affect their ability to become pregnant.

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