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What is Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)?
If you’re looking for information on IUI, chances are you are wondering if this treatment method is for you. Here is the complete rundown on what the process entails.
Intrauterine insemination is a course of treatment where the sperm is injected straight into the uterine cavity during the ovulation period to facilitate artificial insemination. This could either be the sperm of the biological father, or a donor. The injection of sperm is done using a catheter tube.
When is an insemination required?
Artificial insemination is used in cases of male infertility. It is often a preferred method of treatment when the sperm count of the male patient is low, or when the sperm is not strong enough to swim through to the cervix.
Insemination is advised for the following cases or issues:
  • When the male patient experiences infertility
  • When patient’s circumstances do not allow for sexual activity
  • For same-sex couples
  • When the female patient’s cervix features may hinder the smooth ascension of sperm (usually it is a narrow cervix or irregularities in the uterine neck.)
IUI Procedure
While the procedure seems straightforward on paper, it is natural for patients to feel apprehensive about going through it. Here are the detailed steps involved in the IUI treatment procedure, to keep you apprised of what you are signing up for.
Semen Collection

The procedure begins with the collection of sperm for injection from the male patient. This can be done at the hospital or at home. In the case of it being done at home, the patient will be given a kit to use. The samples will have to be brought for examination within an hour.

Semen Washing

This is as straightforward as it seems! The human sperm consists of multiple components- all of which is unnecessary for the procedure would be 'washed,' i.e. removed.

Semen Injection

The female patient will now be laid down on the bed and fitted into stirrups to allow the insertion of a catheter. This is done by inserting a speculum into the vagina, and attaching the catheter to a sperm-filled container. This catheter is then inserted into the female patient’s cervix, and once the sperm is injected, all the equipment is removed.